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Chapter 4 of the Laws of Belize



The State and The Constitution

1. The State.

2. Constitution is supreme law.



Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms

3. Fundamental rights and freedoms.s

4. Protection of right to life.

5. Protection of right to personal liberty.

6. Protection of law.

7. Protection from inhuman treatment.

8. Protection from slavery and forced labour.

9. Protection from arbitrary search or entry.

10. Protection of freedom of movement.

11. Protection of freedom of conscience.

12. Protection of freedom of expression.

13. Protection of freedom of assembly and association.

14. Protection of right of privacy.

15. Protection of right to work.

16. Protection from discrimination on the grounds of race, etc.

17. Protection from deprivation of property.

18. Provisions for periods of public emergency.

19. Protection of persons detained under emergency laws.

20. Enforcement of protective provisions.

21. Protection of existing laws.

22. Interpretation and savings.




23. Persons who become citizens on Independence Day.

24. Persons born in Belize on or after Independence Day.

25. Persons born outside Belize on or after Independence Day.

26. Registration.

27. Dual nationality.

28. Citizenship legislation.

29. Interpretation.


The Governor-General

30. Establishment of office.

31. Acting Governor-General.

32. Oath to be taken by Governor-General.

33. Deputy to Governor-General’s functions.

34. Exercise of Governor-General.

35. Governor-General to be informed concerning matters of government.


The Executive

36. Executive authority.

37. Prime Minister.

38. Deputy Prime Minister.

39. Performance of functions of Prime Minister during absence or illness.

40. Ministers of Government.

41. Allocation of portfolios to Ministers.

42. Attorney-General.

43. Performance of functions of Ministers during absence or illness.

44. Cabinet.

45. Ministers of State.

46. Oath to be taken by Ministers, etc.

47. Leader of the Opposition.

48. Permanent Secretaries.

49. Secretary to the Cabinet.

50. Control of public prosecutions.

51. Constitution of offices, etc.

52. Prerogative of mercy.

53. Procedure in capital cases.

54. Belize Advisory Council.



The Legislature

55. Establishment of Legislature.

56. Composition of House of Representatives.

57. Qualifications for election as member.

58. Disqualifications for election as member.

59. Tenure of office of members.

60. Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

61. Composition of Senate.

62. Qualifications for appointment of Senator.

63. Disqualifications for appointment as Senator.

64. Tenure of office of Senator.

65. Appointment of temporary Senators.

66. President and Vice-President.

67. Clerks to Houses of National Assembly.

68. Power to make laws.

69. Alteration of Constitution.

70. Regulation of procedure in National Assembly, etc.

71. Oath to be taken by members of National Assembly.

72. Presiding in House of Representatives and Senate.

73. Voting.

74. Freedom of speech.

75. Validity of proceedings.

76. Quorum.

77. Introduction of Bills, etc.

78. Restriction on powers of Senate as to money Bills.

79. Restriction on powers of Senate as to Bills other than money Bills.

80. Provisions relating to sections 77, 78 and 79.

81. Mode of exercise of legislative power.

82. Words of enactment.

83. Sessions of Legislature, etc.

84. Prorogation and dissolution of Legislature.

85. General elections and appointment of Senators.

86. Determination of questions as to membership of National Assembly.

87. Unqualified persons sitting or voting.

88. Elections and Boundaries Commission.

89. Electoral divisions.

90. Increase of electoral divisions.

91. Redivision of electoral divisions.

92. Conduct of voting.

93. Conduct of elections, etc.



The Judiciary

94. Establishment of Supreme Court and Court of Appeal.

95. The Supreme Court.

96. Reference of constitutional questions to Supreme Court.

97. Appointment of justices of Supreme Court.

98. Tenure of office of justices of Supreme Court.

99. Oath to be taken by justices of Supreme Court.

100. Appeals to the Court of Appeal.

101. Appointment of Justices of Appeal.

102. Tenure of office of Justices of Appeal.

103. Oath to be taken by Justices of Appeal.

104. Appeals to Her Majesty in Council.


The Public Service

105. Public Services Commission.

106. Appointment, etc., of public officers.

107. Appointment, etc., of permanent secretaries and certain other officers.

108. Director of Public Prosecutions.

109. Auditor-General.

110. Appointment, etc., of junior police officers.

110A. Appointment, etc., of junior SIS officers and employees.

110B. Appointment, etc., of junior officers of Prison Service.

111. Appeals in discipline cases.

112. Pension laws and protection of pension rights.

113. Grant and withholding of pensions, etc.




114. Establishment of Consolidated Revenue Fund.

115. Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Revenue Fund.

116. Authorisation of expenditure in advance of appropriation.

117. Contingencies Fund.

118. Remuneration of certain officers.

119. Public debt.

120. Audit of public accounts, etc.




121. Code of Conduct.

122. National Symbols.

123. Powers of appointment and acting appointments.

124. Reappointments and concurrent appointments.

125. Removal from office.

126. Resignations.

127. Saving for jurisdiction of courts.

128. Power to amend and revoke instruments, etc.

129. Consultation.

130. National Seal.

131. Interpretation.



Transitional Provisions

132. Interpretation for this Part.

133. The Constitution - transitional powers.

134. Existing laws.

135. First Governor-General.

136. Ministers.

137. National Assembly.

138. Existing public officers.

139. Supreme Court and Court of Appeal.

140. Alteration of this Part.


Repeal and Date of Commencement

141. Commencement.

142. Revocations.





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